Essay writing rules, methods for great essay writing
The web is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, which makes it tricky for students to get the advice they want when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following advice so that you could utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make sure your writing hits the mark.
Comprehend the question
This could, at the face from it, appear to be somewhat banal advice – but simple fact is that failing continually to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, if you don’t the most typical cause of a disappointing grade when it comes to essay writing. Have you been being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a circumstance that is particular? Measure the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
These are some of the common phrases present in essay questions, and every indicates a set that is different of. You have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but also other common approaches if you are asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, for instance. They must all be weighed against one another, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and every theory and, importantly, you need to arrive at a well-justified and conclusion that is confident. Is the theory good? What exactly are its flaws? Just how can it is improved?
If you should be asked to judge the usefulness of something, however, you don’t necessarily have to go into just as much critical depth. Yes, you ought to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you need to still note some strengths and weaknesses – nevertheless the almost all the task must emphasise the concepts usefulness that is practical. Perhaps the best approach is to find one, or a couple of, case studies where in fact the theory has been utilized – what was the outcome of this? Does the effective use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid for the above – you ought to take a vital approach and evaluate the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly from the theories that you have now been asked to compare and contrast. It is essential to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording of the essay question shall let you know the way the essay should always be written. It’s going to indicate where the focus of one’s essay should lie as you write and research.
Plan and schedule
Understanding the question is the initial step, but it is equally important which you make efficient utilization of the available time. Students often underestimate the level of work necessary to write a great essay, which leads to two things: (1) late nights at the library, and (2) a disappointing grade. If you wish to achieve a good mark, you need to start planning your essay the minute you obtain the essay question. The following table may be a aid that is useful
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish first draft||(Insert date)|
|turn in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines for yourself and committing to stick to them, you will be ensuring that you won’t be left with way too much work right before your hand-in date. Additionally it is important that you leave time, ideally a short time, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the majority that is clear of, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is fine if you’re trying to scrape a pass, however for an increased grade you ought to show that you are able to leverage critical reasoning in your coping with academic materials. Which essay help are the limitations associated with the theories you might be drawing on? How have these been dealt with within the literature? How can they impact the standard of arguments presented, and to what extent do they limit our understanding of what you are studying? What alternate explanations might offer depth that is additional?
Critical thinking is exactly what is going to make your essay stand out. It shows the marker throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner that you are not simply repeating the arguments that have been fed to you. A way that is good practice it is to pay for careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will notice that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique resulting in a gap with their own research.
Structure, flow and focus
Itself, which is why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure how you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument. A classic word of advice is always to “tell them what you are likely to tell them, then let them know, and tell them what you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of your essay.
Having a definite and structure that is logical help make sure that your essay stays focused, and does not stray through the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value into the argument you are presenting. When you are writing, it is advisable that you take a step as well as ask yourself “what value does this sentence/section add? So how exactly does it connect to my argument that is overarching?” That you can’t answer that question, there is a high risk that you have strayed from your core argument, and you may want to reconsider the path you are taking if you find.
Its also wise to ensure that all the different components of your essay fit together as a cohesive and whole that is logical and that the transition in one argument to the next is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little to no consideration for the way they fit together, which inevitably leads to a lower grade. Be sure to inform your reader why you are transitioning from one argument to the next, why they have been in this particular order, and just how each argument helps shed light on a specific facet of what you’re discussing.<Read widely
Writing may be the core task, but reading is equally important. You should conduct a broad search for relevant literature before you start writing your essay. Learning how to search through a great deal of data is a significant skill that is academic. You need to start by searching through databases – Google Scholar is a great tool for this – using key phrases pertaining to your research topic. Once you discover a write-up that sounds promising, go through the abstract to make sure that it’s relevant.
If you’re still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to your conclusion – this usually contains an in depth summary for the study, which can help determine whether you need to see the article in general. You don’t want to spend time reading through and endless number of articles merely to find that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you’ve identified a couple of solid articles, you really need to (a) go through their bibliographies and pay attention to who they really are citing, as these articles will likely be of value for your own research; and (b) check on Google Scholar to see who has got cited them. To achieve this, simply input the name regarding the article into the search bar and hit enter. In the results, click “cited by” – this can return a summary of all the articles that have cited the publication you searched for.
It’s essential that you don’t rely too heavily using one or a few texts, as this indicates to the marker which you haven’t engaged with all the wider literature. You ought to be particularly careful in using course books (i.e. “introduction to management” and so on), as they are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a totally ‘novel’ essay, without drawing for a passing fancy source, indicates which you haven’t produced a novel argument that you haven’t made yourself familiar with what has already been published; citing someone for every point made suggests. As such, it’s important you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics that you provide evidence (a credible citation) when. These, in turn, should offer the novel that is overarching that you yourself are making.